Guidelines for Recreation Water Quallity in Brazil, USA and Canada: Enteric Viruses as Faecal Pollution IndicatorsRodrigo Pratte-Santos1,4*, Adilson P. Ribeiro3 and Jairo P. Oliveira2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Rodrigo Pratte Santos
Federal University of Espirito Santo/
Department of Pathology
Parasitology Unit, Brazil
Fax: +31-27 34212563
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: December 10, 2015 Accepted Date: December 29, 2015 Published Date: January 06, 2016
Citation: Pratte-Santos R, Ribeiro AP, Oliveira JP (2015) Guidelines for Recreation Water Quallity in Brazil, USA and Canada: Enteric Viruses as Faecal Pollution Indicators. J Trop Dis 4:195. doi:10.4172/2329-891X.1000195
Copyright: © 2016 Pratte-Santos R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Investigation of the quality of drinking waters and recreational has become an important research area in world. However, in most countries there is no consensus on what parameters should be analyzed to establish that quality. Article summarizes conceptual basis and principles that guided revision of brazilian legislation, contextualizing with guidelines established for monitoring water quality in the US, Canada and Brazil. Brazilian potability standard is analyzed together with these countries, especially with regard to microbiological analysis, including group of enteric viruses. This evaluation, highlights huge disparities between standards in various countries, especially in terms of microbiological standards. In Brazil, only the Ministry of Health recommends that enteric viruses are monitored, but does not set limits for these pathogens, as the resolutions of the National Environmental Council does not cite the virus in their regulations. In US and Canada, health and environmental guidelines are more insightful and include a range of species of microorganisms in their monitoring, including group of enteric viruses.