alexa Haementeria lutzi Pinto, 1920 (Hirudinea: Glossiphoniidae) as a putative Vector of Trypanosoma evansi (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in the Pantanal Matogrossense (MS, Brazil)
ISSN: 2161-0983

Entomology, Ornithology & Herpetology: Current Research
Open Access

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Research Article

Haementeria lutzi Pinto, 1920 (Hirudinea: Glossiphoniidae) as a putative Vector of Trypanosoma evansi (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in the Pantanal Matogrossense (MS, Brazil)

João Carlos Araujo Carreira1*, Bianca dos Santos Carvalho1, Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil2 and Alba Valéria Machado da Silva3

1IOC/Jacarepaguá, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

2Laboratory of Parasitary Diseases, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

3Laboratory of Biochemistry of Proteins and Peptides, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:
João Carlos Araujo Carreira
Laboratory of Biochemistry of Proteins and Peptides/FIOCRUZ
Avenida Brasil, 4365, Pav. 26 sala 309. Manguinhos
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Tel: (55)(21)9660-8061
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 11, 2013; Accepted date: September 06, 2013; Published date: September 12, 2013

Citation: Araujo Carreira JC, Santos Carvalho Bd, Peça Brazil R, da Silva AVM (2013) Haementeria lutzi Pinto, 1920 (Hirudinea: Glossiphoniidae) as a putative Vector of Trypanosoma evansi (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in the Pantanal Matogrossense (MS, Brazil). Entomol Ornithol Herpetol 2:108. doi: 10.4172/2161-0983.1000108

Copyright: © 2013 Araujo Carreira JC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In the present study, it was shown under experimental conditions that Trypanosoma evansi could be mechanically transmitted to Rattus norvegicus by leeches (Haementeria lutzi). Additionally, we also described some aspects related to the behavior of the Trypanosoma evansi in the leeches after an infective blood feeding, as follows: a) 10 minutes after the parasites were ingested; they promptly progressed to the coelomic cavity. b) Approximately, from 10 to 30 minutes inside the gut, rounded and dividing forms together with stumpy and slender trypomastigotes showed a random dispersion. c) 24 hours after, the trypanosomes also invaded both, the salivary glands as well as the proboscis cells. Our results suggest that leeches of the species Haementeria lutzi could have some role as a probable alternative vector of Trypanosoma evansi at wetlands in Brazil.

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