alexa Health Awareness Among Tribes of Rural India
ISSN: 1747-0862

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine
Open Access

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Research Article

Health Awareness Among Tribes of Rural India

Kankana De*

Vidyasagar University, Medinipur, West Bengal, India

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Kankana De
Research Scholar, Vidyasagar University
Medinipur, West Bengal, India
Tel: 9474714273
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 27, 2017; Accepted Date: February 03, 2017; Published Date: February 06, 2017

Citation: De K (2017) Health Awareness Among Tribes of Rural India. J Mol Genet Med 11:244 doi: 10.4172/1747-0862.1000244

Copyright: © 2017 De K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

 

Abstract

The tribal populations are is recognised as socially and economically vulnerable. Their lifestyles and food habits are different from that of their rural neighbours. They depend on minor forest produce and manual labour for livelihood. They may not have adequate income. Their food consumption pattern is dependent on the vagaries of nature and varies from extreme deprivation (in the lean seasons) to high intakes (in the post-harvest period). About 21% of them are scheduled castes and 24% are tribes. Purulia suffers from very poor conditions in terms of hygiene, poverty, and lack of safe drinking water, resulting in major health problems such as diarrhoea, malaria, filarial, TB, anaemia, and others. Poor child birth and nutrition standards lead to high IMR and MMR. Open defecation, lack of sanitary latrines, poor educational standards for girl children, and poor awareness of HIV/AIDS also compound Purulia's health and development problems. Tribal people are known to have sexual practices that vary from those of mainstream cultures. Less or nothing is known about the prevalence of HIV and AIDS among tribal people in India, except perhaps in some of the tribal states of the North-East of India as these have high prevalence of drug use. HIV and AIDS has become the fourth largest killer worldwide, and in Asian counterpart which is scattering at an alarming rate. In developing countries, it was estimated that at least half of the non-pregnant and two thirds of the pregnant Women are anaemic. Maternal malnutrition which was quite common among the tribal women was also a serious health problem especially for those having numerous pregnancies too closely spaced and reflected the complex socio-economic factors that affected their overall condition.

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