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ISSN: 2161-0509

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy
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Research Article

Health Behavior Knowledge and Self-efficacy as Predictors of Body Weight

Pouran Faghri* and Jennifer Buden

Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Pouran Faghri
Department of Allied Health Sciences
University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA
Tel: 860-486-0018; Fax: 860-486-5375; E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 25, 2015; Accepted date: September 10, 2015; Published date: September 15, 2015

Citation: Faghri P, Buden J (2015) Health Behavior Knowledge and Self-efficacy as Predictors of Body Weight. J Nutr Disorders Ther 5:169.doi:10.4172/2161- 0509.1000169

Copyright: © 2015 Faghri P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Obesity is a public health concern with significant economic costs affecting employers. Worksite wellness programs benefit from developing tailored interventions that consider employees’ health-related knowledge and self-efficacy to change behavior. Correction is a high stress occupation with elevated rates of overweight and obesity. Poor stress management and barriers to achieve optimal health in the work environment increases the need for adequate knowledge and self-efficacy, or the level of confidence to eat healthy and be physically active. This cross-sectional pilot study used a sample of sixteen correctional employees who participated in a Nutrition and Physical Activity Questionnaire. This survey assesses knowledge and self-efficacy for nutrition and physical activity and current health behaviors, such as current dietary habits and level of physical activity. Demographic and anthropometric data were also collected for statistical analyses. Participants were primarily male correction officers working first shift with a mean (±SE) BMI of 29 (±1.05) kg/m2, classified as overweight. Multiple regression analyses revealed that knowledge and self-efficacy scores predicted variation in BMI when controlling for other scores in the model. Findings from this study may be applicable for future health promotion interventions in high-risk occupations. In high-risk occupations such as corrections, understanding environmental and organizational barriers to achieving good health and reducing chronic disease risk is important. However, in addition to reducing these barriers, increasing knowledge, improving skills and self-efficacy to achieve good health are also critical in order to develop effective interventions for this population.

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