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ISSN: 2380-5439

Journal of Health Education Research & Development
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  • Research Article   
  • J Health Edu Res Dev 2018, Vol 6(2): 258
  • DOI: 10.4172/2380-5439.1000258

Health Conditions Related to Air Travel and Destination Country

Ülle Parm1*, Grete Must2, Kätlin Kindsiko2 and Anna-Liisa Tamm1
1Physiotherapy and Environmental Health Department, University of Tartu, Estonia
2Department of Ergonomics, Institute of Technology, University of Life Sciences, , Tartu, Estonia
*Corresponding Author : Ülle Parm, Physiotherapy and Environmental Health Department, Tartu Health Care College, University of Tartu, Nooruse 5, 50411 Tartu, Estonia, Tel: +37253487334, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Apr 26, 2018 / Accepted Date: Apr 01, 2018 / Published Date: May 07, 2018


Objective: Because of the increasing use of air travel and the increased mobility of people, different health conditions may arise during the trip in the flight cabin or in the destination country. We aimed to determine the health conditions/problems associated with air travel and stays in a foreign country.
Methods: The research included an electronic questionnaire completed by 1014 Estonian residents who travelled by plane during the last five years on holiday and/or on a cultural trip.
Results: Health disorders occurred mostly during long trips of 1-4 hours, and the main health problems during plane travel were earaches, headaches, and flatulence. Fear of flying occurred in nearly in a third of the subjects on both short- and long-distance flights. It manifested in episodes of tachycardia and pre-travel insomnia. To cope with these situations, female passengers preferred to listen to music, and male passengers preferred to consume alcohol. In total, 59 different countries were visited, and the most frequent destinations were southern countries: Turkey, Spain, and Italy. Diarrhea, sunburn, severe headaches, fevers and flu-like symptoms were the main health problems in the destination countries. These problems were mostly caused by bad hygiene, consumption of local food, not applying sunblock creams and the change of the environment. The major share of information about the potential dangers of a trip was received from the Internet or from friends.
Conclusions: People who decide to travel by plane are usually frequent flyers, and the preferred destinations were mostly warmer climates and not very distant but also not neighbor countries. Health problems occurred most frequently during flights of medium length (1-4 hours). The frequent health disorders at destinations were characteristic for northern tourists visiting southern countries.

Keywords: Travelling; Plane; Fear of flying; Health conditions; Destination countries; Estonians

Citation: Parm U, Must G, Kindsiko K, Tamm AL (2018) Health Conditions Related to Air Travel and Destination Country. J Health Educ Res Dev 6: 258. Doi: 10.4172/2380-5439.1000258

Copyright: © 2018 Parm Ü, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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