Healthier Body Composition in Vegetarian Men Compared to Omnivorous MenJulio Cesar Acosta-Navarro1-3*, Adriana Midori Oki1,3, Luiza Antoniazzi Gomes de Gouveia1,4, Valeria Hong1, Maria Carlos Bonfim1, Pedro Acosta-Cardenas1, Letícia Romera Picolo1, Juliana Nólibos1, Gabriela Moraes1, Elane Zeferini1, Heno Lopes1, Márcio Minami1, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto1, Wilson Salgado Filho1, Raul Dias Santos1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Acosta-Navarro JC
Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo
Medical School, Brazil.
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 05, 2016; Accepted date: June 27, 2016; Published date: July 01, 2016
Citation: Acosta-Navarro JC, Oki AM, de Gouveia LAG, Hong V, Bonfim MC, et al. (2016) Healthier Body Composition in Vegetarian Men Compared to Omnivorous Men. J Nutr Food Sci 6:529. doi:10.4172/2155-9600.1000529
Copyright: © 2016 Acosta-Navarro JC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Previous studies have shown associations between vegetarian (VEG) diet and a healthy lifestyle and the maintenance of adequate body composition evaluated by anthropometric parameters.
Objective: To analyze whether vegetarian men have higher rates of adequate nutritional status compared to omnivorous (OMN) men, evaluated by various methods.
Methods: In this observational study, from 745 individuals from São Paulo, we enrolled 44 OMN and 44 VEG apparently healthy men participants in the CARVOS Study were evaluated by two 24-h dietary recalls, body mass index (BMI), circumference measurements, waist-hip ratio (WHR), skinfolds, and by BIA.
Results: OMN men had the highest percentage of overweight/obesity based on BMI (70.4%, P=0.001), WHR (15.9%, P=0.026), waist circumference (50%, P=0.001), arm circumference (20.5%, P=0.001), tricipital skinfold (77.3%, P=0.008), % body fat by total of skinfolds (77.3%, P=0.001), and % body fat by BIA (47.7%, P=0.001). Multiple logistic regression showed that being OMN compared to being VEG significantly increased the risk of overweight/obesity (OR 12.12, CI 3.7 to 39.4); inadequate waist circumference (OR 8.39, CI 2.4 to 28.9); inadequate WHR (OR 9.85, CI 1.1 to 86.7); obesity by total of skinfolds (OR 6.2, CI 1.9 to 20.3), high % body fat by total of skinfolds (OR 8.93, CI 2.5 to 32.0) and by BIA (OR 5.7, IC 1.7-19.0).
Conclusion: Vegetarian men have higher rates of adequate nutrition and a lower prevalence of overweight according to BMI, excess abdominal fat, and excess body fat estimated by circumferences, skinfold measurement, and by BIA.