Health-Related Problems after the Great East Japan Earthquake: An Evaluation Based on the Annual Health Examination
|Kazumi Kubota1,2*, Akiomi Inoue3, Yoichi Shimizu4, Satoko Kagata5, Roseline Yong2,Yoshiaki Hirama6, Masaru Shiga7, Takashi Kawazoe7|
|1Health and Global Policy Institute, Japan|
|2Graduate School of Medicine, the University of Tokyo, Japan|
|3Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan|
|4National Cancer Center, Japan|
|5School of Nursing, National College of Nursing, Japan|
|6Office of a member of the House of Councilors, Japan|
|7Carepro Co., Ltd., Japan|
|Corresponding Author :||Kazumi Kubota
Department of Mental Health
Graduate School of Medicine
The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo
Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received April 23, 2013; Accepted September 30, 2013; Published October 04, 2013|
|Citation: Kubota K, Inoue A, Shimizu Y, Kagata S, Yong R, et al. (2013) Health- Related Problems after the Great East Japan Earthquake: An Evaluation Based on the Annual Health Examination. J Nurs Care 2:134. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000134|
|Copyright: © 2013 Kubota K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: Study on the medium- to long-term effect of a great earthquake on health among the victims is limited. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the medium-term (i.e., three months) effect of the Great East Japan Earthquake (occurred on March 11, 2011) on health conditions (i.e., blood pressure, hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c], blood sugar, triglyceride, and total cholesterol) among the victims, by comparing with the control population.
Methods: In June 2011, taking blood pressure and blood tests were conducted for a total of 159 victims who had stayed in the shelter located in the Tohoku region since the Great East Japan Earthquake. The same tests were conducted for a total of 1,048 control participants in Tokyo from October 2010 to December 2011. Analyses of covariance and multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted.
Results: Compared with the control group, the victim group had significantly higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure; lower HbA1c, blood sugar, triglyceride, and total cholesterol, after adjusting for age and sex. In a similar way, the victim group had a significantly higher prevalence odds ratio of hypertension; lower prevalence odds ratios of diabetes mellitus, high blood sugar, high triglyceride, and high total cholesterol than control group.
Conclusions: The present study revealed that the prevalence of hypertension is higher among the victims of the Great East Japan Earthquake. Lower prevalence of diabetes mellitus, high blood sugar, high triglyceride, and high total cholesterol among the victims may be explained by the continued inadequate diet issues after the earthquake.