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ISSN: 2157-7595

Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy
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Research Article

Heart Rate Response to Vinyasa Yoga in Healthy Adults

Sarah Shepperson Ward1, Noel McCluney2 and Pamela Rogers Bosch3*

1St. Joseph’s Hospital & Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ (Dr. Ward), USA

2Lauren’s Institute for Education, Gilbert, AZ (Dr. McCluney), USA

3Northern Arizona University, Physical Therapy Program, Phoenix, AZ (Dr. Bosch), USA

*Corresponding Author:
Pamela R Bosch, PT, DPT, PhD
Northern Arizona University, Phoenix Biomedical Campus
435 N. 5th St., 6th Floor, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
Tel: 602-827-2436
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 18, 2013; Accepted Date: August 26, 2013; Published Date: August 29, 2013

Citation: Ward SS, McCluney N, Bosch PR (2013) Heart Rate Response to Vinyasa Yoga in Healthy Adults. J Yoga Phys Ther 3:139. doi:10.4172/2157-7595.1000139

Copyright: © 2013 Ward SS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Abstract

Background: Yoga is a popular exercise, but the heart rate (HR) response to specific styles of yoga is unknown. Primary Study Objective: To determine if vinyasa yoga is an aerobic physical activity based on the HR response of participants. Methods/Design: Observational study using a convenience sample Setting: Exercise room on a university campus Participants: Forty-two adults aged 21-54 years with prior yoga experience completed the yoga session with no adverse events. Equipment malfunction precluded data analysis for 4 participants. Intervention: A 50-minute vinyasa yoga class that included 10 minutes of pre-activity rest, 35 minutes of asanas, and 5 minutes of meditation. Participant HR was recorded continuously during the class. Primary Outcome Measures: Mean HR response and time spent at each intensity level during asanas. Results: The data of 38 participants were analyzed. Mean (SD) HR for all participants during asanas was 107 (23) beats per minute (bpm), and 44% of the asana time was considered light-intensity aerobic physical activity. The mean response (expressed as a percent of maximal HR or %HRmax) was considered very light intensity (<50% of HRmax) for 6 participants, light intensity (50-63% of HRmax) for 21 participants, moderate intensity (64-76% of HRmax) for 10 participants, and vigorous intensity (77-93% of HRmax) for 1 participant. Conclusions: In the current study, vinyasa yoga was primarily a light-intensity aerobic physical activity, but individual responses varied. This information adds to the body of literature regarding the physiological response to yoga and specifically addresses the aerobic response to vinyasa yoga.

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