Heavy Metal Contaminants Removal from Wastewater Using the Potential Filamentous Fungi Biomass: A Review
- *Corresponding Author:
- Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee
Biotechnology Research Institute
Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jln UMS
Tel: 60 88-320 000
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: October 05, 2015; Accepted Date: October 30, 2015; Published Date: November 06, 2015
Citation: Siddiquee S, Rovina K, Azad SA, Naher L, Suryani S, et al. (2015) Heavy Metal Contaminants Removal from Wastewater Using the Potential Filamentous Fungi Biomass: A Review. J Microb Biochem Technol 7:384-393. doi:10.4172/1948-5948.1000243
Copyright: © 2015 Siddiquee S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Heavy metal pollution of wastewater currently becomes a key environmental problem throughout the whole world. Conventional methods for the removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions are not economically and environmental friendly because it has produced massive quantity of toxic chemical compounds. Recently, the removal of heavy metals from wastewater are extensively used various conventional methods such as chemical precipitation, coagulation-flocculation, flotation, ion exchange and membrane filtration. Biological treatments, especially filamentous fungi have gained an increasing attention for heavy metal removal and recovery due to their upright performances, low cost and huge quantities. The filamentous fungi have a great potential to produce large amount of biomasses which are widely used for metal adsorption capacities of Pb, Zn, Cd, Cu, Cr, As and Ni. Production of biomass has offered great potential for adopting metal-recovery system. The main aim of this review paper is to discuss the available information of heavy metals removal for the utilization of filamentous fungi biomass and scrutinize the practical of exploiting them for heavy metal remediation.