High-Grade Urothelial Bladder Cancer in Children: A Case Report and Critical Analysis of the LiteratureKral Milan1*, Smakal Oldrich1, Michalek Jaroslav2, Skarda Jozef2, Tichy Tomas2, Ctvrtlik Filip3, Kodet Roman4, Vidlar Ales1 and Student Vladimir1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kral Milan, MD, PhD
Department of Urology, University Hospital Olomouc
I. P. Pavlova 6, Olomouc, 77900, Czech Republic
Tel: +420 737 754 383
Fax: +420 588 442 514
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 15, 2016 Accepted date: March 02, 2016 Published date: March 07, 2016
Citation: Milan K, Oldrich S, Jaroslav M, Jozef S, Tomas T, et al. (2016) High-grade Urothelial Bladder Cancer in Children: A Case Report and Critical Analysis of the Literature. Arch Surg Oncol 2:110. doi:10.4172/2471-2671.1000110
Copyright: © 2016 Milan K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Bladder cancer is relatively common in adults; however, in children, bladder malignancies are extremely rare. In the present case report, we describe the diagnostic, therapeutic, and follow-up management of bladder cancer in a 3-year-old boy. Furthermore, we focus on typical and less frequently seen histological characteristics of bladder cancer in childhood. Despite its low incidence and prevalence, it is very important to emphasize that bladder cancer is the most serious condition which should not be missed in the differential diagnosis of hematuria or urinary tract infection.