History of Research in the Vestibular System: A 400-Year-Old StorySapan S Desai1,2* and Anahita Dua3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Sapan S Desai
Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
University of Texas Medical School and Memorial Hermann Heart and
Vascular Institute, Houston, TX, USA
Tel: (713) 557-1750
Fax: (713) 512-7200
E mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 12, 2014; Accepted date: March 19, 2014; Published date: March 21, 2014
Citation: Desai SS, Dua A (2014) History of Research in the Vestibular System: A 400-Year-Old Story. Anat Physiol 4:138. doi: 10.4172/2161-0940.1000138
Copyright: © 2014 Desai SS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Vestibular history starts with the first detailed description of the bony labyrinth published by Casserii in 1610. A more detailed description of the inner ear organs was published by Scarpa in 1789. With refinements in microscopy, descriptions of the microscopic anatomy and the inner ear innervation were published in the late 1800s. Fine structure of the sensory epithelium was described by Wersäll in 1952 using the electron microscope. A functional understanding of the vestibular system has occurred in modern times through studies on the afferent and efferent vestibular system by Goldberg, Fernandez, and Lysakowski. This paper provides a historical perspective on research in the vestibular system between 1610 and the present day.