alexa HIV/AIDS - Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Practices among Migrant Wives in Rural Anhui Province, China
ISSN 2155-6113

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
Open Access

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Research Article

HIV/AIDS - Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Practices among Migrant Wives in Rural Anhui Province, China

Huachun Zou1,2,3,4, Xin Dai2, Xiaojun Meng5, Huadong Wang6, Chao Jiang7, Yanchun Wang6, Lin Zhang8, Yongqing Gao9, Song Tang10, Wenjie Sun9,11* and Yufeng Wen7*

1Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Australia

2School of Population and Global Health, the University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

3School of Public Health and Community Medicine, the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

4Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia

5Wuxi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuxi, China

6Anhui Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei, China

7School of Public Health, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, China

8Clinical Laboratory, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China

9School of Food Science, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Zhongshan, China

10School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada

11School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, LA, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Wenjie Sun
School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, LA, USA
School of Food Science, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University
Zhongshan, 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2100 New Orleans
LA 70112, China
Tel: 504-988-4223
E-mail: [email protected]

Yufeng Wen
School of Public Health, Wannan Medical College Wuhu
22 Wenchang Xi road, Wuhu, China
Tel: +86 055 3393 2059
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 26, 2014; Accepted Date: June 23, 2014; Published Date: June 30, 2014

Citation: Zou H, Dai X, Meng X, Wang H, Jiang C, et al. (2014) HIV/AIDS - Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Practices among Migrant Wives in Rural Anhui Province, China. J AIDS Clin Res 5:319. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000319

Copyright: © 2014 Zou H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Background: Migrant wives have been increasing in some poor rural regions of China and they may bridge HIV transmission across regions. This study aimed to assess HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and sexual practices among this population in rural Anhui Province, China.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with questionnaire of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, and sexual practices between June 2011 and May 2012. A total of 730 migrant wives and 207 local women were enrolled in this study. Unpaired T-test, Chi-square was utilized to compare the difference of HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and sexual practices between migrant wives and local women.

Results: Around 80% of the migrant wives were from Yunnan, Guizhou, or Sichuan Provinces. The main sources of HIV/AIDS information were TV/radio, posters, and newspapers/periodicals. HIV/AIDS knowledge level among migrant wives was significantly lower than that among local women (e.g. 47.1% vs 57.0% (p<0.001) answered “Yes” for the question “Can an apparently healthy person be HIV-infected?”), and stigma and prejudice towards HIV/AIDS among migrant wives were more common than those among local women (e.g. 73.2% vs 65.7% (p=0.006) answered “No” for the question “If a shopkeeper or food seller had the HIV, would you buy food from them?”). Compared to local women, migrant wives were more likely to have ever had sex during menstruation (6.8% vs 3.4%, p=0.065) and extramarital sex (17.5% vs 10.1%, p=0.01), and were less likely to consistently use condoms with their husbands (45.8% vs 57.5%, p<0.001) or extramarital sex partners (48.8% vs 58.95, p<0.001).

Conclusions: Migrant wives in rural China had a low HIV/AIDS knowledge level and high prevalence of stigma and prejudice and risky sexual behaviors. Local HIV/AIDS prevention programs should target this neglected population.

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