HIV-Related Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Healthy Adults in Cross River State Nigeria: A Population Based-SurveyUchenna Okonkwo*, Soter Ameh, Akaninyene Out and Henry Okpara
University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Okonkwo Uchenna
Senior Lecturer, Gastroenterology/Hepatology unit
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Calabar Teaching Hospital
P.M.B. 1278, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 17, 2016; Accepted date: May 23, 2017; Published date: May 30, 2017
Citation: Okonkwo U, Ameh S, Out A, Okpara H (2017) HIV-Related Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Healthy Adults in Cross River State Nigeria: A Population Based-Survey. J AIDS Clin Res 8:699. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000699
Copyright: © 2017 Okonkwo U, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains a global health problem disproportionately distributed across Nigeria. Cross River State (CRS), a tourist state, located in the Niger delta, has one of the highest prevalence rates. There is evidence that poor knowledge and stigmatization are obstacles to achieving universal access to HIV prevention programs. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of HIV among adults resident in CRS, Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive survey design was employed. A total of 1,620 healthy adults were recruited. KAP towards HIV was assessed using a structured pre-tested questionnaire. Categorical variables were described as frequencies and continuous variables as median and interquartile range. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to determine relationship between variables and median KAP scores. P value<0.05 was considered significant. All analyses were performed using Stata 12 statistical package. Results: A total of 1,465 respondents completed the questionnaire correctly giving a response rate of 91%. The M: F ratio was 1:1.8. The median age was 38 years. Majority was married and had formal education. Knowledge of HIV and common routes of transmission was high (>80%). However, misconception that HIV can be transmitted through hugging, hand shake, mosquito bites and witch craft was also common (>60%). The overall attitude and practice towards persons living with HIV infection was poor. Conclusion: This study showed misconceptions in the knowledge and consequences of HIV infection which is associated with negative attitude towards persons living with HIV.