alexa Hospitalization and Mortality Rates in Patients with Re
ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
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Research Article

Hospitalization and Mortality Rates in Patients with Respiratory Diseases in the Very Elderly Population

Özlem Oruç*, Tutku Moralı, Zühal Karakurt, Selahattin Öztaş, Baran Gündoğuş, Cüneyt Saltürk, Feyyaz Kabadayı, Fatma Tokgöz, Hasan Özgen, Pınar Atagün Güney, Döndüye Özgül and Hatem Konaşoğlu
Chest Diseases, Sureyyapasa Chest & Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
*Corresponding Author : Özlem Oruc
Süreyyapaşa Göğüs Hastalıkları ve Göğüs
Cerrahisi Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi
Başıbüyük Maltepe, Turkey
Tel: 902164214200
Fax: 90216421411
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: March 26, 2016 Accepted: April 13, 2016 Published: April 16, 2016
Citation: Oruç Ö, Morali T, Karakurt Z, Öztas S, Gündogus B, et al. (2016) Hospitalization and Mortality Rates in Patients with Respiratory Diseases in the Very Elderly Population. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 5:293. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000293
Copyright: © 2016 Oruç O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Background: Advanced technologies and treatments continue to increase life expectancy, however, the hospital mortality rate of elderly patients with respiratory diseases remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the changing frequencies of hospitalized elderly patients with respiratory diseases and their mortality rates over time. Methods: A retrospective observational cohort study was performed in a tertiary training hospital using data from a 7-year period (2008-2014). The characteristics and hospital outcomes of patients ≥80 years old was collected from an electronic hospital database system. The frequency of elderly patients with respiratory diseases and their mortality rates for each year were assessed. Results Overall, 9.6% (10,782) of patients were ≥80 years old . Their mean age was 84 (80- 114) years with a slight male predominance (52.6%). The median length of hospital stay was 8 (5-11) days. The frequency of elderly patients gradually increased: 6.5%, 6.0%, 7.2%, 8.5%, 10.9%, 13.6%, and 15.5% for 2008 to 2014, respectively. Importantly, mortality rates did not significantly increase over time (7.4%, 6.9%, 7.7%, 8.3%, 7.6%, 8.3%, and 8.0% respectively). The mean mortality rate for all 7 years was 7.8% (n = 843), and the mean age of non-survivors was 84 (±4) years. Conclusion: The frequency of hospitalized elderly patients has increased, but mortality rates have remained flat. The Ministry of Health and hospital directors should consider planning palliative care through special hospital units to improve the quality of life of elderly patients.

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