How Daphnia (Cladocera) Assays may be used as Bioindicators of Health Effects?
Antonietta Siciliano*, Renato Gesuele and Marco Guida
Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, Via Cinthia, 80126 Naples, Italy
- *Corresponding Author:
- Antonietta Siciliano
Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II
Via Cinthia, 80126 Naples, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 20, 2015 Accepted date: October 23, 2015 Published date: October 29, 2015
Citation: Siciliano A, Gesuele R, Guida M (2015) How Daphnia (Cladocera) Assays may be used as Bioindicators of Health Effects?. J Biodivers Endanger Species S1:005. doi:10.4172/2332-2543.S1-005
Copyright: © 2015 Siciliano A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Cladoceran daphnids are among the most widely chosen aquatic invertebrates for ecotoxicology, since early 1900s. The use Daphnia bioassays in monitoring water quality is due a number of reasons, such as daphnid sensitivity to chemicals and their easy culturing, and because they are important members of aquatic food chains. The genome sequence accessibility of Daphnia pulex (first crustacean to have a sequenced genome) has expanded to explore broad-ranging biological disciplines, including host-parasite interactions, and evolution, physiology, microbiology, molecular biology, pathology, and genetics. Genetic screening allows identify genes underlying that function within a biological process and/or pathway of interest for humans. This review attempts to relate the use of Daphnia model in the prospect of human health effects. To date this research is still in its infancy but there are good approaches that could be satisfactory to find this relationship.