How Nanotechnology can Really Improve the Future of Orthopedic Implants and Scaffolds for Bone and Cartilage Defects
- *Corresponding Author:
- Parchi Paolo Domenico
1st Orthopedic Division
Department of Translational Research and New Technologies
in Medicine, University of Pisa
via Paradisa 2 56124 Pisa (PI), Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 06, 2013; Accepted date: August 19, 2013; Published date: August 22, 2013
Citation: Parchi PD, Vittorio O, Andreani L, Piolanti N, Cirillo G, et al. (2013) How Nanotechnology can Really Improve the Future of Orthopedic Implants and Scaffolds for Bone and Cartilage Defects. J Nanomedine Biotherapeutic Discov 3:114. doi: 10.4172/2155-983X.1000114
Copyright: © 2013 Parchi PD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The osteointegration of the orthopaedic implants could improve the biocompatibility and the life span of the implants. The ideal implants should be made by materials easily colonized by bone-forming cells (osteoblasts), which can synthesize new bone matrix. Some implant materials are not often compatible with osteoblasts, but rather they promote the formation of soft connective tissue. There are a number of important reasons to explore the potential for the application of nanomaterials in orthopedic surgery. The use of nanotechnology has been tested on a wide range of materials (such as metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites), where either nanostructured surface features or constituent nanomaterials (including grains, fibers, or particles with at least one dimension from 1 to 100 nm) have been utilized. These nanomaterials have demonstrated superior properties compared with their conventional (or micron structured) counterparts, due to their distinctive nanoscale features and the novel physical properties that ensue. Aim of this paper is to explore how nanotechnology can really improve the future of orthopedic implants and scaffolds for bone and cartilage defects. Here we are showing the most relevant works about the use of nanotechnologies for the treatment of osteocondral defects.