alexa Human Genome - Underlying Scientific Mysteries
ISSN: 2167-0358

Journal of Socialomics
Open Access

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Commentary

Human Genome - Underlying Scientific Mysteries

Shivani Kachroo1 and Sivakumar JT Gowder2*
1Delhi Technological University, New Delhi, India
2Qassim University, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Buraidah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author : Sivakumar JT Gowder
College of Applied Medical Sciences
Qassim University, Buraidah
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel: +966566873969
Fax: +96663802268
E-mail: [email protected]
Rec date: Mar 02, 2016; Acc date: Mar 11, 2016; Pub date: Mar 16, 2016
Citation: Kachroo S, Gowder SJT (2016) Human Genome - Underlying Scientific Mysteries. J Socialomics 5:157. doi:10.4172/2167-0358.1000157
Copyright: © 2016 Kachroo S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

A gene refers to the functional unit of heredity. Genes are made up of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). In humans, the size of genes varies from a few hundred DNA bases to more than 2 million bases. The genes in human beings (Homo sapiens) are referred as human genome. It is made up of 23 chromosome pairs with a total of about 3 billion DNA base pairs. The gene sequences to make a protein occupy only about 1.1% of the chromosomes. The rest is well known as junk DNA; that is useful in genetic fingerprinting

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