alexa Human Palatal Neoplasm - A Cytopathological Approach
ISSN: 2168-9784

Journal of Medical Diagnostic Methods
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Human Palatal Neoplasm - A Cytopathological Approach

Abhimanyu Mohanta* and Prafulla K. Mohanty

Post-Graduate Department of Zoology, Utkal University, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Abhimanyu Mohanta
Post-Graduate Department of Zoology
Utkal University, Bhubaneshwar
Odisha 751 004, India
Tel: 919937575859
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 02, 2016; Accepted date: June 02, 2016; Published date: June 10, 2016

Citation: Mohanta A, Mohanty PK (2016) Human Palatal Neoplasm - A Cytopathological Approach. J Med Diagn Meth 5:213. doi: 10.4172/2168-9784.1000213

Copyright: © 2016 Mohanta A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Background: Palatal neoplasm cases in human are very rare. More than 90% neoplasms of the palate is squamous cell type. Not only cytological pleomorphism but also nuclear anomalies are reported to be observed in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). But, site specific cytological pleomorphisms are not reported so far. Therefore, an attempt has undertaken to investigate the cytopathology of human palatal neoplasms, pattern of cervical lymph node (CLN) metastasis and to analyse the probable etiological risk factors associated with it in the present study.

Methodology: In a hospital-based study, out of 136 oral cases, 9 palatal cases (6 male and 3 female) registered during May 2007 to May 2009 were included in this study. Detail case-history including the nature and types of addiction of each individual was recorded prior to the collection of samples. Two scraped exfoliated cytosmears were collected from the affected site on the pre cleaned-coded glass-slides. Collected cytosmears were immediately fixed in 1:3 aceto-alcohol (1 part of glacial acetic acid and 3 parts of ethyl alcohol). One set of smears was stained with Papanicolaou’s stain and the other was counter-stained with Giemsa’s stain for cytopathological analysis. American Joint Committee for Cancer Staging and End-Results Reporting (AJC) formulated TNM (Tumor-Node-Metastasis) System for staging of OSCC was followed.

Result: Cytopathologically, a number of pleomorphic cytological atypias, such as, keratinized spindle cell (KSC), keratinized tadpole cell (KTC), keratinized strap (Antischkow) cell (KSC-A), large and small keratinized fiber cells (KFC), large and small keratinized round cells (KRC), micronucleated cell (MNC), plump keratinized squamous cell (PKSC) and non-keratinized malignant squamous cell (NMSC) were observed in such palatal neoplasms. Except NMSCs, all other cells were keratinized. Out of these, PKSC and MNC were well differentiated; KSC, KTC, KFC, KRC and KSCA were moderately differentiated and NMSC was poorly differentiated. Interestingly, in addition to the micronucleated cell (MNC), KSC-A was found to be a modal cytological atypia irrespective of age, site, sex and degree of pathogenicity which may be attributed to the addiction of tobacco in general and smoking in particular.

Conclusion: Chewing and smoking of various form of tobacco and drinking of alcohol contribute a lot to the genesis of cytological pleomorphism in human palatal neoplasm. Typically atypical cells like KSC, KTC, KSC-A, KFC, KRC, PKSC, MNC and NMSCs although found less in number, modal occurrence of KSC-A along with the MNC in all the palatal neoplasm may be directly correlated with any form of tobacco smoking.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords