alexa Hyaluronidase: A Potential New Treatment for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ISSN: 2161-105X

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
Open Access

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Review Article

Hyaluronidase: A Potential New Treatment for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

C LeBlanc and R Stern*

Department of Basic Biomedical Sciences, Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine, New York, USA

*Corresponding Author:
R Stern
Department of Basic Biomedical Sciences, Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine
230 West-125th Street, New York, NY-10027, USA
Tel: 4155771735
Fax: 2126781782
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 10, 2017; Accepted date: May 10, 2017; Published date: May 14, 2017

Citation: LeBlanc C, Stern R (2017) Hyaluronidase: A Potential New Treatment for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. J Pulm Respir Med 7:407. doi: 10.4172/2161-105X.1000407

Copyright: © 2017 LeBlanc C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Acute respiratory distress syndrome, also known as diffuse alveolar damage, is an acute injury to the lungs. Patients experience severe shortness of breath and require mechanical ventilation. It is not a specific disease, but an acute lung dysfunction associated with a variety of disorders: pneumonia, shock, sepsis, and trauma. A similar lesion occurs in newborn infants, called hyaline disease of the newborn. It occurs in premature babies and has the same pathophysiological mechanism as acute respiratory distress syndrome. Hyaline membranes are a pathologic feature of acute respiratory distress syndrome, consisting of basophilic structures that coat alveolar surfaces. They prevent oxygen exchange and are the basis of the lethality of this disorder. The syndrome is associated with very high levels of hyaluronan in broncho-alveolar lavage specimens. We postulate that the hyaline membranes of acute respiratory distress syndrome are hyaluronan-rich structures associated with serum hyaluronan-binding proteins such as fibrinogen and fibrin. Potent infectious influenza viruses are recurrent pandemics and potential terrorist threats. Lethality of influenza infection correlates with the presence of hyaline membranes. Installation of hyaluronidase as an aerosol would provide a new treatment for acute respiratory respiratory distress syndrome, for which there has been no new treatment in 45 years. The pig is the only species other than humans that develop hyaline membranes. Employing this treatment in the porcine model would provide a direct test of the hypothesis.

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