Hybrid Energy Source Management Composed of a Fuel Cell and Super- Capacitor for an Electric VehicleBoumediene Allaoua1* and Brahim Mebarki2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Boumediene Allaoua
Laboratory of Smart Grids and Renewable Energies
Tahri Mohammed University of Bechar, Algeria
Tel: + (+213) 049 23 90 24
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 25, 2016; Accepted Date: August 03, 2016; Published Date: August 08, 2016
Citation: Allaoua B, Mebarki B (2016) Hybrid Energy Source Management Composed of a Fuel Cell and Super-Capacitor for an Electric Vehicle. Adv Automob Eng 5:156. doi: 10.4172/2167-7670.1000156
Copyright: © 2016 Allaoua B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Managing the power flow from a dedicated energy source to power the wheels of a motor propulsion system is important to ensure proper operation the displacement of an Electric Vehicle (EV). Is used for our energy source a hybrid system consisting of a Fuel Cell Proton Exchange Membrane (FCPEM) associated with a super-capacitor battery for high power applications connected through DC-DC converters associated with these sources. After a presentation of the architecture of hybrid energy source for our EV, two parallel-type configurations are explored in more detail. For each of them, from a control strategy for effective management of energy flows, validated simulation shows the performance obtained for the traction. The management of hybrid energy source in our VE is based primarily on the intervention of the super-capacitor battery in fugitives schemes such as slopes, speeding and rapid acceleration. Secondly, the steady state of the fuel cell intervenes only to ensure the propulsion system power in permanent regime. Finally, a case study considering energy management for an electric vehicle are presented, illustrating the benefits of hybrid energy sources in terms of EV range. The models can be applied to other vehicles and driving regimes.