Hydroxyl Radical Production by Light Driven Iron Redox Cycling in Natural and Test Systems
Adrian A Ammann*
EAWAG, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, PO Box 611, CH-8600, Dübendorf, Switzerland
- *Corresponding Author:
- Adrian A Ammann
Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology
PO Box 611, CH-8600
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 11, 2016; Accepted date: June 02, 2016; Published date: June 08, 2016
Citation: Ammann AA (2016) Hydroxyl Radical Production by Light Driven Iron Redox Cycling in Natural and Test Systems. J Environ Anal Chem 3: 182. doi:10.4172/2380-2391.1000182
Copyright: © 2016 Ammann AA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Hydroxyl radicals (HO•) formation during the ligand stabilized iron redox cycling was investigated in synthetic media, expended algal growth media (Talaquil) and field collected fresh water. HO• were selectively reacted in situ with terephthalic acid producing hydroxyterephthalic acid, quantified by fluorescence. FeIIIEDTA, photoreactive in dim light, was used as a control to compare how media components influence HO• formation rates. Since HO• is highly reactive, transformation depends on to the number of reactive atoms in a media component. Protoporphyrin IX accelerated HO• formation 20-fold, providing a good model for studying rate accelerating components of algae excretion. The results show that HO• production under usual algal test and natural fresh water conditions differ, the latter being more toxic. They enable more reliably comparison between natural waters and artificial test systems, suggesting more realistic conditions for testing toxicity.