Hyperbaric Oxygen: Silver Bullet for Diabetic Foot Ulcers
|Nasser Sharari1*, Mostafa Saleh2, Ahmed Morad3, Omar Khan1 and Yasser Al-Ghamady1|
|1Armed Forces Hospital Program-Jubail, Saudi Arabia|
|2Department of General Surgery, Benha University, Egypt|
|3Department of General Surgery, Ain Shams University, Egypt|
|*Corresponding Author :||Nasser Sharari
Director of Surgery
Consultant GS Laparoscopic
Breast and Endocrine Surgery
King Abdulaziz Military Hospital Jubail
P.O. Box 413- Jubail 3195, Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received May 04, 2013; Accepted May 11, 2013; Published May 17, 2013|
|Citation: Sharari N, Saleh M, Morad A, Khan O, Al-Ghamady Y (2013) Hyperbaric Oxygen: Silver Bullet for Diabetic Foot Ulcers. J Def Manag S3:008.doi: 10.4172/2167-0374.S3-008|
|Copyright: © 2013 Sharari N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) involves the administration of pure oxygen under high pressure conditions. HBOT is used as an adjuvant therapy for a variety of conditions; including chronic wounds, infections, stroke, tissue transplantation, anemia, cancer management, skin flaps & grafts, CO poisoning, air or gas embolism, decompression thickness, necrotizing fasciitis, crush injury, compartment syndrome, gas gangrene and autism.
Objective: This prospective study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of HBOT as adjuvant treatment for diabetic foot ulcers in comparison to the conventional treatment.
Patients and methods: This study comprised 82 diabetic patients, aged 38 to 72 years. Patients were randomized into two groups: Group A assigned to receive HBOT in combination with conventional wound care & group B received conventional wound care only for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Outcomes were measured every week for 1st two months during the treatment period and then at three-month intervals for one year. Ulcers were graded using Wagner classification system. Both groups were compared as regards healing time, need of amputation, quality of life.
Results: The demographic characteristics of the 82 patients were 28 women (34%) and 54 men (65.9%), age range from 32 to 72 years. The median ulcer duration for both groups was 7.2 months, and the median ulcer area was 3.5 cm2. There was non-significant difference between both groups as regard demographic characteristics. Complete healing of the index ulcer was significantly faster in hyperbaric group 50% in comparison to 29% in group B. 2 major amputation were performed in HBOT group as compared to 3 cases in group B; all of them were Wagner grade IV. Five minor amputations were performed in each group during the 1st year of follow up. 63% of group A were satisfied as regard the management of their ulcers in comparison to 41% in group B.
Conclusion: This study supports the role of HBOT as an adjuvant in healing of diabetic foot ulcers & improving quality of life.