alexa Hypertension Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Contr
ISSN: 2167-1168

Journal of Nursing & Care
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Research Article

Hypertension Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Control in the Urban District of Wuhan, China: Implications for Community Nursing Practice

Li Sj1*, Sit Whj2, Gong Jie3, Wong Mye4, Zheng Yl5 and Wong Thomas6
1Lecturer, School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
2Associate Professor, The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
3MD, Wuhan Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Wuhan, Hubei, China
4Assistant Professor, Department of Health and Physical Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong
5MD, Director of Community Health Service Center of Shouyi Road, Wuhan, Hubei, China
6President & Chair Professor, Tung Wah College, Hong Kong
Corresponding Author : LI SJ
School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Hung Hum, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Tel: 00852-34003915
Fax: 00852- 23341124
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 03, 2012; Accepted February 09, 2012; Published February 12, 2012
Citation: Sj L, Whj S, Jie G, Mye W, Zheng Yl, et al. (2012) Hypertension Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Control in the Urban District of Wuhan, China: Implications for Community Nursing Practice. J Nursing Care 1:106. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000106
Copyright: © 2012 Sj L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a significant public health challenge contributing to cardiovascular disease and stroke, and leads to premature mortality and disability both globally and locally.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension and to determine the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in an urban Chinese population.

Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative survey design. A total of 1448 community residents were recruited from the SuiGuoHu district using a stratified random sampling strategy. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and health examination.

Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 35.4%, significantly higher in women (40.8%) than in men (30.7%) (P<0.001). More than one third (37.9%) of those with hypertension were not compliant with prescribed medications, significantly higher among women (44.4%) than men (28.6%). Approximately 68% were aware, with women (75.6%) significantly higher than men (60.3%) (P<0.001). The treatment rates were 87.7% and women were less likely (46.7%) to have their blood pressure controlled than men (47.2%).

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