Hypertension Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Control in the Urban District of Wuhan, China: Implications for Community Nursing Practice
|Li Sj1*, Sit Whj2, Gong Jie3, Wong Mye4, Zheng Yl5 and Wong Thomas6|
|1Lecturer, School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong|
|2Associate Professor, The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|3MD, Wuhan Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Wuhan, Hubei, China|
|4Assistant Professor, Department of Health and Physical Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong|
|5MD, Director of Community Health Service Center of Shouyi Road, Wuhan, Hubei, China|
|6President & Chair Professor, Tung Wah College, Hong Kong|
|Corresponding Author :||LI SJ
School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Hung Hum, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Fax: 00852- 23341124
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received January 03, 2012; Accepted February 09, 2012; Published February 12, 2012|
|Citation: Sj L, Whj S, Jie G, Mye W, Zheng Yl, et al. (2012) Hypertension Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Control in the Urban District of Wuhan, China: Implications for Community Nursing Practice. J Nursing Care 1:106. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000106|
|Copyright: © 2012 Sj L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: Hypertension is a significant public health challenge contributing to cardiovascular disease and stroke, and leads to premature mortality and disability both globally and locally.
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension and to determine the awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in an urban Chinese population.
Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative survey design. A total of 1448 community residents were recruited from the SuiGuoHu district using a stratified random sampling strategy. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and health examination.
Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 35.4%, significantly higher in women (40.8%) than in men (30.7%) (P<0.001). More than one third (37.9%) of those with hypertension were not compliant with prescribed medications, significantly higher among women (44.4%) than men (28.6%). Approximately 68% were aware, with women (75.6%) significantly higher than men (60.3%) (P<0.001). The treatment rates were 87.7% and women were less likely (46.7%) to have their blood pressure controlled than men (47.2%).