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ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
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  • Research Article   
  • J Environ Anal Toxicol 2012, Vol 2(4): 139
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000139

Identification and Counting of Asbestos and Non-Asbestos Fibers in an Automobile Brake Manufacturing Industry

Hossein Marioryad1, Hossein Kakooei2* and Mahdieh Bakhshandeh3
1Department of Occupational Health, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2Department of Occupational Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
3Department of Health, Safety and Environment Sciences, University of Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University, , Iran
*Corresponding Author : Hossein Kakooei, Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Tel: +98 21 88951390, Fax: + 98 21 88954781, Email: [email protected], [email protected]

Received Date: Mar 26, 2012 / Accepted Date: Apr 28, 2012 / Published Date: Apr 30, 2012


This study was performed to identify and count both asbestos and non-asbestos fibers during brake manufacture in Iran. A total of 56 respiratory air samples of personnel were measured by phase-contrast microscopy (PCM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The fiber type and its chemical composition were also evaluated by SEM and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). Monitoring of total fiber levels demonstrated that its ranges are from 0.23 to 1.50 PCM f/ml. The geometric mean and standard deviation of the airborne asbestos and non-asbestos fiber concentrations were 0.22(1.61) and 0.32(1.61) SEM f/ml respectively. The observed asbestos fiber concentrations in many processes were higher than the threshold limit value (TLV) which is proposed by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), as equal as 0.1 f/ml. Based on these findings, the geometric means of the non-asbestos concentrations were considerably lower than TLV of the ACGIH which is 1 f/ml. The SEM data exhibited that fibrous particle consists of chrysotile (40%) and rock wool (60%). It can be concluded that more than 50% of airborne fibers inhaled by the workers were rock wool with fibers greater than 1 μm in diameter. For evaluation of airborne fibers, the PCM method was not able to detect the fibers lower than 0.25 micrometer. This study demonstrated that SEM technique methods are essential elements for accurate characterization of mineral dusts, particularly when dealing with large number of samples.

Keywords: Asbestos; Non-asbestos; Rock wool; SEM; PCM

Citation: Marioryad H, Kakooei H, Bakhshandeh M (2012) Identification and Counting of Asbestos and Non-Asbestos Fibers in an Automobile Brake Manufacturing Industry. J Environ Anal Toxicol 2: 139. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000139

Copyright: © 2012 Marioryad H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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