Illicit Drugs among Crashed Drivers, A First Toxicological Investigation in AlbaniaLinda Matua1,2, Bledar Xhemali1, Mirnela Koçibelli1, Besnik Jucja2 and Gentian Vyshka3*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Vyshka G
Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine
Dibra Str. No.371, Tirana, Albania
Tel: +355 69 7566130
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 21, 2016; Accepted Date: July 23, 2016; Published Date: August 02, 2016
Citation: Matua L, Xhemali B, Koçibelli M, Jucja B, Vyshka G (2016) Illicit Drugs among Crashed Drivers, A First Toxicological Investigation in Albania. Abnorm Behav Psychol 2: 120. doi: 10.4172/2472-0496.1000120
Copyright: © 2016 Matua L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study aims to investigate the presence of drugs in this group of drivers who already had a crash (injured or killed drivers). By law, the prosecutor is the authority who requests the toxicological examination specifying the type of analysis that will be performed, usually only alcohol test is required. There has been some investigation regarding the influence of alcohol in traffic crashes in Albania (3,190,089 inhabitants), but never a research regarding the use of illicit and medicinal drugs in drivers in our country. Alcohol was analyzed in blood by head-space gaschromatography. Blood samples were also screened for psychoactive substances (opiates, cocaine metabolites, cannabis, amphetamines, methamphetamines, benzodiazepines, tricyclic antidepressants, barbiturates) by immunological methods. Their presence was confirmed by gas-chromatography. Overall, 82 car drivers were included in the study. Drivers involved in accidents were more frequently men 98.8% (n=81). 46 drivers (56.1%) had a positive blood alcohol concentration at the time of the crash, but only 23 (28%) had toxic concentrations exceeding 1.2 g/l. In total, 15.9% were positive for illicit drugs and medicinal drugs. This study revealed that beside alcohol, psychoactive substances were present in Albanian crashed drivers, too.