alexa Immunization Coverage in A Rural Community in Southwestern Nigeria
ISSN: 2157-7560

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
Open Access

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Research Article

Immunization Coverage in A Rural Community in Southwestern Nigeria

Bosede Ehelami Adebayo, Regina Eziuka Oladokun* and Felix Olukayode Akinbami

University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Regina Eziuka Oladokun
Department of Paediatrics
University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Tel: 234 803 806 7511
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 24, 2012; Accepted date: August 17, 2012; Published date: August 22, 2012

Citation: Adebayo BE, Oladokun RE, Akinbami FO (2012) Immunization Coverage in A Rural Community in Southwestern Nigeria. J Vaccines Vaccin 3:143. doi:10.4172/2157-7560.1000143

Copyright: © 2012 Adebayo BE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Background and aim: Poor immunization coverage especially in rural areas has led to a high burden of vaccine preventable diseases in children. The study assessed routine immunization coverage and its determinants in a rural community in South Western Nigeria. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey using the WHO cluster survey design was conducted among children aged 12 to 23 months. Coverage was assessed by immunization cards. Results: A total of 440 mothers were interviewed with a mean age of 27.9 ± 5.7 years. The mean age of the children was 17.3 ± 3.7 months. Full immunization was recorded among 130(29.5%) children and of these only 53.8% completed their immunization by 12 months. The highest and lowest vaccine coverage was observed for DPT1 (90.2%) and Yellow fever (55%) respectively. The commonest reasons for failure to immunize were; non availability of vaccines (40%) and the mother being too busy (24.2%). Predictors of immunization status included maternal education (p=0.002), place of delivery (p<0.001), family type (p=0.04) and child’s birth order (p=0.03). Conclusion: The immunization coverage rate among children in this rural community was sub-optimal and lower dropout rates may be achieved by making vaccines readily available. High female literacy levels and delivery in health facilities need to be promoted.

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