alexa Immunomodulatory Properties and Therapeutic Application of Bone Marrow Derived-Mesenchymal Stem Cells
ISSN: 2572-4916

Journal of Bone Research
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Research Article

Immunomodulatory Properties and Therapeutic Application of Bone Marrow Derived-Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Ming Li Susumu Ikehara*

Department of Stem Cell Disorders, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata City, Osaka, Japan

Corresponding Author:
Susumu Ikehara
Department of Stem Cell Disorders
Kansai Medical University, Hirakata City
Osaka 570-1010, Japan
Tel: 81-72-804- 2450
Fax: 81-72-804-2454
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 07, 2013; Accepted date: September 10, 2013; Published date: September 17, 2013

Citation: Li M, Ikehara S (2013) Immunomodulatory Properties and Therapeutic Application of Bone Marrow Derived-Mesenchymal Stem Cells. J Bone Marrow Res 1:131. doi:10.4172/2329-8820.1000131

Copyright: © 2013 Li M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are prototypical adult stem cells, identified as an adherent, fibroblast-like population positive for CD105, CD90 and CD73, and lacking hematopietic markers. MSCs can be isolated from different adult tissues including bone marrow (BM), umbilical cord, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. MSCs have a potent immunomodulatory function via soluble factors, including PGE2, TGF-β, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), IL-10, and HGF. Treatment with MSCs can improve type 1 diabetes, liver fibrosis and arthritis via their immunomodulatory function. Intra-bone marrow bone marrow transplantation (IBM-BMT) can replace not only hemopoietic stem cells (HSCs) but also MSCs. IBM-BMT seems to be the best strategy for allogeneic BMT, and may improve aging-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis. IBM-BMT has also been shown to be the most effective strategy to prevent the rejection of organ allografts. This review summarizes the immunomodulatory properties and therapeutic application of bone marrow derived-MSCs.

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