Impact of a new Legislation on Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions in an Open Landfill in Tropical Insular ClimateThomas Plocoste*, Sandra Jacoby-Koaly, Marie-Lise Bernard, Jack Molinié and André Roussas
Laboratoire de Recherche en Géosciences et Energies (LaRGE), Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, Université des Antilles
- *Corresponding Author:
- Plocoste T
Laboratoire de Recherche en Géosciences et Energies (LaRGE), Département de Physique
Faculté des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, Université des Antilles
Campus de Fouillole, Pointe-à-Pitre 97157, Guadeloupe, France
Tel: +590 690766121
Fax: +590 590483105
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 15, 2016; Accepted date: July 23, 2016; Published date: July 28, 2016
Citation: Plocoste T, Jacoby-Koaly S, Bernard ML, Molinié J, Roussas A (2016) Impact of a new Legislation on Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions in an Open Landfill in Tropical Insular Climate. Int J Waste Resour 6:236. doi:10.4172/2252- 5211.1000236
Copyright: © 2016 Plocoste T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Concentrations of airborne Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) were evaluated by monitoring landfill gases at the main municipal solid waste of Guadeloupe archipelago. Opened in 1973, the open landfill of La Gabarre is still operated nowadays. Over last decade, nature of stored waste and landfill configuration have evolved. Before 2008, waste was just spread out on the floor and there was no gas collection nor leachate recirculation systems installed. After 2009, new units were set up to collect and treat hazardous waste. VOCs measurements have been performed at La Gabarre for two distinct periods with two portable devices: an Open-Path Fourier Transform InfraRed (OPFTIR) spectrometer in 2003 and a Mass Spectrometer (MS 200) in 2012. Four VOCs commonly found in landfill plume were measured. Between 2003 and 2012, a sharp decrease is observed in the concentrations of benzene and trichloroethylene. Tetrachloroethylene was not detected by the OP-FTIR spectrometer. Taking acetaldehyde as an example, it was hypothesized that this decrease could not be related to the difference between measurement techniques. These results suggest that in recent years with the application of a new legislation and the installation of gas collection systems, emissions of VOCs in the atmosphere due to garbage have decreased at La Gabarre.