alexa Impact of Clinical Pharmacist Intervention on Decreasing Incidence of Preventable Adverse Drug Events after Hospital Discharge
ISSN: 2167-1052

Advances in Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
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Research Article

Impact of Clinical Pharmacist Intervention on Decreasing Incidence of Preventable Adverse Drug Events after Hospital Discharge

Osama H Mohamed Ibrahim*
Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharmacy Building, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
*Corresponding Author : Osama H Mohamed Ibrahim
Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharmacy Building
University of Sharjah City, University Road, (M23)
Office # 123, Sharjah, 27272, United Arab Emirates
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 18, 2012; Accepted May 12, 2012; Published May 14, 2012
Citation: Ibrahim OHM (2012) Impact of Clinical Pharmacist Intervention on Decreasing Incidence of Preventable Adverse Drug Events after Hospital Discharge. Adv Pharmacoepidem Drug Safety 1:111. doi:10.4172/2167-1052.1000111
Copyright: © 2012 Ibrahim OHM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Drug Related Problems (DRP) including therapeutic failure and 􀀢dverse 􀀥rug 􀀦vents (ADEs) are vital patient safety issues [1]. They are particularly frequent after hospitalization [2], when multiple changes to patients’ medication regimens may be associated with poor patient education, no follow-up, and interruption of care [3-5]. These factors commonly result in inappropriate medication prescribing, discrepancies between prescribed and actual regimens, reduced adherence, and insufficient observation for adverse effects [6-9]. These problems may cause preventable ADEs and amplified health care utilization. An estimated 12% to 17% of general medicine patients experience ADEs after hospital discharge, more than half of them judged preventable or ameliorable (i.e. duration or severity could have been decreased) [10-12], up to 12% of ADEs result in Emergency Department (ED) visits and 5% in readmissions. A preventable ADE was defined as an undesired reaction to medication, which may have been prevented by appropriate drug selection or management [13].

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