Impact of Coal Mining on Soil Characteristics of Simsang River, Meghalaya, IndiaTalukdar B, Kalita HK, Basumatary S and Sarma D*
Department of Zoology, Gauhati University, Assam, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dandadhar Sarma
Associate Professor, Department of Zoology
Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014
Received Date: Sep 23, 2016; Accepted Date: Oct 24, 2016; Published Date: Oct 26, 2016
Citation: Talukdar B, Kalita HK, Basumatary S, Sarma D (2016) Impact of Coal Mining on Soil Characteristics of Simsang River, Meghalaya, India. J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl 6: 219. doi:10.4172/2090-4541.1000219
Copyright: © 2016 Talukdar B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This paper deals with the studies on soil quality parameters of Simsang River, Meghalaya affected by acid mine drainage of coal mines from January 2014 to December 2015. It has been observed that the soil quality in mostly affected areas of the River have relatively low pH (4.6 ± 2.91), low nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) content, organic carbon (0.77 ± 2.86) and which has decreased gradually from coalmine unaffected and affected areas of the river. Certain heavy metals in high concentration (Fe, Zn, Pb, Ni and Mn) were also detected from soil of the River.