Impact of Commercialization on Rural HouseholdsÃ¢ÂÂ Food Security in Major Coffee Growing Areas of South West Ethiopia: The Case of Jimma ZoneIsmael Mohammed Nasir*, Wondaferahu Mulugeta and Belayneh Kassa
Department of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ismael Mohammed Nasir
Department of Economics, Jimma University
Jimma, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]
Received date: May 25, 2017; Accepted date: June 16, 2017; Published date: June 20, 2017
Citation: Nasir IM, Mulugeta W, Kassa B (2017) Impact of Commercialization on Rural Households’ Food Security in Major Coffee Growing Areas of South West Ethiopia: The Case of Jimma Zone. Int J Econ Manag Sci 6: 437. doi: 10.4172/2162-6359.1000437
Copyright: © 2017 Nasir IM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study aimed to investigate the impact of commercialization on rural households’ food security in major coffee growing districts of south west Ethiopia: the case of Jimma zone. For this purpose both primary and secondary statistics were collected and used to produce the required information. In this survey multi-stage random sampling technique was used to choose 150 smallholder farmers. The analytical tool used includes explanatory statistics, crop output market participation index (COMPI) and Logit model. The outcome showed that about 68% of the smallholder farmers were food secure household. Commercialization has positive effect on food security level of smallholder farmers. The evaluation results of the Logit model confirmed that family size, age of household, size of cultivated land, crop output market participation, access to credit were significantly affect rural household food security. The study recommend for policies interventions that will improve smallholder farmer family planning service, accesses to credits, capacity building, better land preservation practices, market information and road in designing food security policy in the study district.