Impact of Education on Knowledge Attitude and Practice (KAP) of Glaucoma Patients towards their Disease Management- a Study
Introduction: Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead to damage to the optic nerve. This nerve carries visual information from the eye to the brain. In most cases, damage to the optic nerve is due to increased pressure in the eye, also known as intraocular pressure (IOP). It is the second leading cause of blindness. It is a group of diseases that can steal sight without warning or symptoms. Hence it is important to create awareness and to improve knowledge among patients to prevent blindness. Aim & Objectives: The aim of this study is to enhance awareness and knowledge towards glaucoma among selected population and also to improve patient compliance and proper drug usage by providing counseling. Methods: A randomized, parallel group study was conducted over a period of six months in an eye hospital at Trichy. The protocol was approved by the Institutional Human Ethical Committee. Signed informed consent was also obtained from all patients before study enrollment. A total of seventy one patients were enrolled in this study. By using a suitably designed and validated knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire the impact of patient counseling was analyzed. Results: Our result confirms that men are more likely to have glaucoma than females. After counseling patient knowledge and awareness has been improved. Conclusion: The study suggests that patient awareness and knowledge about disease, patient compliance and drug usage pattern has been improved. Patient counseling might be considered as an important element in implementing the disease management program.