Impact of First 10 Years of Post Menopause on Muscle Function, Muscle Mass and Bone Mineral Density in Adult Women
|Margarete Noriko Kochi1, Nise Ribeiro Marques2, Gustavo de Carvalho da Costa1, Júlia Guimarães Reis3, Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula4, Cristine Homsi Jorge Ferreira1 and Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu1*|
|1Physiotherapy Course, Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of Locomotor System, Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil|
|2Physiotherapy Course, Department of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy, São Paulo State University, Marília, SP, Brazil|
|3Physiotherapy Course, Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil|
|4Department of Internal Medicine, University of São Paulo, School of Medicine, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil|
|Corresponding Author :||Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu
Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of Locomotor System
Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil
Tel: +55163602- 4413/3058
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: July 09, 2015; Accepted: July 21, 2015; Published: July 28, 2015|
|Citation: Kochi MN, Marques NR, da Costa GC, Reis JG, de Paula FJA, et al. (2015) Impact of First 10 Years of Post Menopause on Muscle Function, Muscle Mass and Bone Mineral Density in Adult Women. J Osteopor Phys Act 3:151. doi:10.4172/2329-9509.1000151|
|Copyright: © 2015 Kochi MN, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Background: Previous studies suggested that the early identification of risk factors for the development of osteoporosis should reduce medical complications, which are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in older women.
Purpose: The present study had the objective to identify the relationship between Bone Mineral Density (BMD), anthropometric characteristics, years of post-menopause, strength, muscle mass and the performance on functional tests in up 10 years postmenopausal women.
Methods: Participated of the study fifty-eight post menopause women who were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) of femoral neck and whole-body to determine BMD and relative skeletal muscle index (RSMI). Also, the muscle strength was assessed by handgrip strength test (HGS) and two functional tests were performed: Timed Up-and-Go (TUG) and Five-Times-Sit-To-Stand (FTSTS).
Results: The results shown a positive correlation between BMD and weight (r = 0.54, p < 0.05), BMD and BMI (r = 0.56, p < 0.05), BMD and RSMI (r = 0.38, p < 0.05).
Conclusions: The findings of the present study demonstrated a correlation between muscle mass and BMD and also shown that anthropometric characteristics, such as higher weight and BMI were correlated with higher BMD and muscle mass in up 10 years postmenopausal women.