Special Issue Article
Impact of Power Quality Issues and their Improvement in a Cogeneration Plant
PG Student, M.Tech [Power Sytems], Dept. of Electrical and Electronics, Saintgits College of Engineering, Kottayam, Kerala, India
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The power quality, mainly voltage sag performance and power factor of a distribution system have been evaluated. The analysis of voltage sag uses the Monte-Carlo procedure implemented in the Electrical Transient Analysis Program (ETAP) to construct the sag density table and to estimate the probable number of critical voltage sags per annum at a given node. These calculations have taken into account the entire system comprising the transmission, sub transmission and distribution subsystems. Also, the various improvement methods for sag performance have been suggested. To improve power factor, a scheme for automation of power factor correction using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) based on actual installations has been developed. For automation, Boolean logic circuit has been developed and ladder diagram has been drawn. From the ladder diagram, program for the PLC has been written.