alexa Important Discovery of Preferred Velocity of 30000 ∓ 425 M/S of the Solar Motion of the Earth, Part 1
ISSN: 2090-0902

Journal of Physical Mathematics
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Research Article

Important Discovery of Preferred Velocity of 30000 ∓ 425 M/S of the Solar Motion of the Earth, Part 1

Pappas PT*, Pappas TP and Pappas LP

Department of Physics, Mathematics, Technological Educational Institute of Piraeus, Greece

*Corresponding Author:
Pappas PT
Professor of Physics, Mathematics
Technological Educational Institute of Piraeus, Greece
Tel: +30-210-9270807
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 25, 2016; Accepted Date: February 27, 2017; Published Date: March 03, 2017

Citation: Pappas PT, Pappas TP, Pappas LP (2017) Important Discovery of Preferred Velocity of 30000 ∓ 625 M/S of the Solar Motion of the Earth, Part 1. J Phys Math 8: 213. doi: 10.4172/2090-0902.1000213

Copyright: © 2017 Pappas PT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



This is an experimental paper, resembling the Sagnac Effect (SE), but using electrical signals in closed conductive wire loops with an area. The results are completely different than the SE, depending on the time of the day and the epoch. We curried several experiments, and we measured and studied velocities of square pulse signals, propagated along a one-dimensional wire. In particular, we determined, the existence of very important of a preferred velocity of the order of 30000 ∓ 425 m/s. Our experiment concerned a type of SE, M-M and Michelson- Gale1 Experiment (M-G Exp.), all together abbreviated to SE-M-M-G. However, the present experiment is using inexpensive electrical signals of square pulses with a cable installation. It is of a higher range of measurements than the SE-M-M-G Exp. In the literature, these signals have been specified wrongly in the past. They were referred as group velocities or phase velocities or time reversed precursor signals, (never observed this unphysical time reversal in our Universe before). By the obvious purpose to make no contradiction or harm to the “Theory Special Relativity.” The present discovery concerns the very roots of Special Relativity of EINSTEIN that own velocity of an observer can be observed (always absolute, due to an existing curvature, due an existing gravitation field which extends to infinite in the universe) to the point (SR) is threatened its viable existence. We show that we detect the crest of a square pulse signal. A capable signal of diverting the beam of our oscilloscope, or turning on a lamp, or triggering a relay, as the trigger of the presently used oscilloscope, or in general telecontrolling information. Thus, carrying information slower or faster than the velocity of light. Therefore, it is violating the very core of Special Relativity of Einstein in many ways, and not for the first time50, but not to its very roots and to complete depth of extinction.


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