alexa Improving Maternal Health in the Volta Region of Ghana: Development Action Plan from a Baseline Assessment using 5As Framework
ISSN: 2167-1079

Primary Healthcare: Open Access
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Research Article

Improving Maternal Health in the Volta Region of Ghana: Development Action Plan from a Baseline Assessment using 5As Framework

Sarita Dhakal1,2,3, Eun Woo Nam1,2,3*, Young Suk Jun4, Ha Yun Kim1,2, Festus Adams5 and Jin Sung Song1,2

1Yonsei Global Health Center, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea

2Department of Health Administration, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Korea

3Institute of Poverty Allivaiton and International Development, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea

4West Africa Team, Korea International Cooperation Agency, Headquater, Korea

5Ministry of Health, Ghana

Corresponding Author:
Eun Woo Nam
Yonseidae- gil, Wonju City
Ganwon-do 220-710, Republic of Korea
Tel: +821033 760241
Fax: +8210337629562
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 22, 2015; Accepted date: September 14, 2015; Published date: September 21, 2015

Citation: Dhakal S, Nam EW, Jun YS, Kim HY, Adams F, et al. (2015) Improving Maternal Health in the Volta Region of Ghana: Development Action Plan from a Baseline Assessment using 5As Framework. Primary Health Care 5:202. doi:10.4172/2167-1079.1000202

Copyright: © 2015 Dhakal S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited



Introduction: KOICA and the Yonsei Global Health Center of Yonsei University finalized a baseline survey for the development of a maternal health program in the Volta Region of Ghana. Community, Health facility and health care provider surveys were conducted in the Region (Keta Municipality, Ketu North and South District) to evaluate the accessibility of essential reproductive health care, especially maternity services. Access to quality maternal health care is essential to reduce maternal mortality. Objective: To assess the strength and weakness of maternal health service and develop an action plan according to the problems to strengthen maternal health and reduce maternal mortality ratio in the Volta Region Method: Access to maternal health service had been categorized into five dimensions: availability, accessibility, affordability, accommodation and acceptability. 5As framework was used to assess the strength and weakness to the improvement of the maternal health. Results: Bested on the result it was found that, many obstacles to achieving every “A”, excluding acceptability and problems include; insufficient health personnel, inadequate knowledge in health service provider and inadequate instruments in health facilities. Conclusion: Based on the survey, training of service providers, regular supply of essential medicine and equipment and strengthening basic unit of the health service are recommended to improve access to maternal health care in the Volta Region, Ghana.


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