alexa <em>In Vivo</em> Study of Epithelial Adhesion via E-Cadherin-and#946;- and and#945;- Catenin-small GTP-Binding Proteins under T3 Regulation | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2576-1471

Journal of Cell Signaling
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Research Article

In Vivo Study of Epithelial Adhesion via E-Cadherin-β- and α- Catenin-small GTP-Binding Proteins under T3 Regulation

Galetto CD1, Izaguirre MF1 and Casco VH1,2*

1Laboratorio de Microscopia Aplicada a Estudios Moleculares y Celulares, Facultad de Ingeniería (Bioingeniería-Bioinformática), Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos, Entre Ríos, Argentina

2Centro de Investigaciones y Transferencia de Entre Ríos-CONICET, Argentina

*Corresponding Author:
Casco VH
Laboratorio de Microscopia Aplicada a Estudios Moleculares y Celulares
Facultad de Ingeniería (Bioingeniería-Bioinformática)
Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos, Entre Ríos, Argentina
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: February 11, 2017; Accepted date: March 10, 2017; Published date: March 30, 2017

Citation: Galetto CD, Izaguirre MF, Casco VH (2017) In Vivo Study of Epithelial Adhesion via E-Cadherin-β- and α- Catenin-small GTP-Binding Proteins under T3 Regulation. J Cell Signal 2:142.

Copyright: © 2017 Galetto, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Since the middle of last century there have been a plethora of studies trying to comprehend the fine control of adhesive contacts involved in establishment, maintainance and remodelling of epithelial architecture during animal development and adulthood. Depending on the experimental model, surprising and even contradictory data have been obtained. Among these, the in vivo systems outperform in vitro models in terms of understanding the animal biology.

It is known that thyroid hormones (THs) modulate energy metabolism, growth and development by independent mechanisms. Thyroid calorigenesis is influenced predominantly via thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) that mediate synthesis of mitochondrial respiratory complexes and cell membrane sodium-potassium ATPase; whereas it is debate matter if many of the TH effects over epithelial development are principally mediated via growth factors, TRs or transmembrane proteins.

Present work presents molecular evidences that T3 modulates the epithelial adhesive potential during gut remodeling in X. laevis development, differentially activating E-cadherin, β-catenin and α-catenin genes, and downstream, modulating small GTP-binding proteins involved in adhesive epithelial properties.

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