alexa Incidence of Chronic Hepatitis B and C Virus Infection in Damietta, Egypt | OMICS International
ISSN: 2167-0889

Journal of Liver
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Research Article

Incidence of Chronic Hepatitis B and C Virus Infection in Damietta, Egypt

Hussein M. El-Shafei*
Ministry of Agriculture, Port Said, Egypt
Corresponding Author : Hussein M. El-Shafei
Ministry of Agriculture
Port Said, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 19, 2012; Accepted August 25, 2012; Published August 30, 2012
Citation: El-Shafei HM (2012) Incidence of Chronic Hepatitis B and C Virus Infection in Damietta, Egypt. J Liver 1:111. doi:10.4172/2167-0889.1000111
Copyright: © 2012 El-Shafei HM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

We investigated the incidence of Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) virus infection among patients with liver disease in Damietta Egypt from 2003 to 2005. Of the 146 liver patients studied, 25.3% had HCV and 8.9% had HBV. The incidence of HBV and HCV infection was greater in males than females, especially for HCV. There was a sharp increase in the number of cases of HCV in liver patients in 2005 compared with 2003 (2.2-fold higher in men and 2.3-fold higher in women). Over the years, the rate of HBV and HCV infection was higher in male than female patients (69.2 % versus 30.7% for HBV and 67.5% versus 32.4 % for HCV Alanine Amino-Transferase (ALT) α -glutathione-s- transferase were used a biomarker of Hepatocellular damage. IgG anti-HCV is related to the elevation of ALT levels and can be used as a serologic marker to indicate the presence of active HCV induced liver damage.

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