alexa Incidence of Epilepsy in Adults with Cerebral Palsy and
ISSN: 2329-6895

Journal of Neurological Disorders
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Review Article

Incidence of Epilepsy in Adults with Cerebral Palsy and Secondary Health Outcomes: A Review and Proposed Feasibility Study

Tatiana Oliveira1*, James Carollo2,3, David Robertson3, Zhaoxing Pan2,4 and Patricia Heyn2,3
1Department of Pediatrics, JFK Partners, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, USA
2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, USA
3Center for Gait and Movement Analysis, Children’s Hospital Colorado, USA
4Department of Biostatistics and Informatics, Colorado School of Public Health, USA
Corresponding Author : Tatiana Oliveira
Center for Gait and Movement Analysis
Children’s Hospital Colorado, USA
Tel: 1 (720) 777 1234
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 29, 2014; Accepted October 15, 2014; Published October 18, 2014
Citation: Oliveira T, Carollo J, Robertson D, Pan Z, Heyn P (2014) Incidence of Epilepsy in Adults with Cerebral Palsy and Secondary Health Outcomes: A Review and Proposed Feasibility Study. J Neurol Disord 2:188. doi: 10.4172/2329-6895.1000188
Copyright: © 2013 Oliveira T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Cerebral palsy is one of the most common chronic childhood disorders, occurring in 2-2.5 of every 1000 live births; it is a persistent disorder of movement and posture caused by non-progressive lesions of the immature brain. Epilepsy is an important problem in children with cerebral palsy, with past studies showing an average incidence of epilepsy in about one-third in cases of cerebral palsy. Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate seizures, common in patients who have other factors (such as cerebral palsy) that are associated with a very high likelihood of a persistently lowered seizure threshold and therefore a high recurrence risk. A few studies were conducted in the past analyzing the correlation of cerebral palsy and epilepsy in children; however, no study has been conducted yet evaluating the evolution of cerebral palsy in the transition from childhood to adulthood, and how the incidence, prevalence and clinical course of epilepsy change in such a time lapse. Furthermore, no studies yet evaluated the classification of seizures in this adult population, their correlations to cerebral palsy and its degrees of severity, and associated secondary health conditions, causing epidemiological data to be lacking in that regard. This aim of this manuscript is to introduce to the reader the current evidence regarding epilepsy in adults with cerebral palsy, as well as present recommendations for future research.

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