alexa Indian Versus Canadian Health Care Systems And Policy: A Review Based On Barr's Model Of Health Care Governance
ISSN: 2375-4273

Health Care : Current Reviews
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Review Article

Indian Versus Canadian Health Care Systems And Policy: A Review Based On Barr's Model Of Health Care Governance

Agarwal A1, Tofighi T1, Chawla K1and Mondal T2*

1McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

2McMaster Children’s Hospital, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Tapas Mondal
Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University
1280 Main Street West, Hamilton
ON, L8S 4K1, Canada
Tel: (905) 521-2100 x75259
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 24, 2013; Accepted date: September 30, 2013; Published date: October 02, 2013

Citation: Agarwal A, Tofighi T, Chawla K, Mondal T (2013) Indian Versus Canadian Health Care Systems and Policy: A Review Based on Barr's Model of Health Care Governance. Health Care Current Reviews 1:103. doi:10.4172/hccr.1000103

Copyright: © 2013 Agarwal A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Abstract The health care systems of India and Canada are founded on different principles, and continue to be shaped by social factors, economic influences, population demographics, and health care policies. In comparing the primary challenges of the Indian and Canadian health care systems, this review examines the broader context of private and public health care. This review uses a structured, transparent, and unique approach to analyze the available literature in the field of public health, based on the five primary aspects of health policy encompassed within Barr’s framework. In consideration of published literature and reports, this review explores how Canada’s one-tier system continues to experience issues relating to waiting times and specialist access. It also identifies challenges in India’s two-tier health care system, ranging from an overdependence on the private system to a significant lack of regulation on a federal scale, leading to shortcomings in the quality of care and accountability. In considering the literature and assessments of health care within Barr’s framework, this study makes several recommendations which encompass the optimization of health care systems to service Canada’s aging population and India’s expanding young population.


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