alexa Influence of Migration Status and Gender on Awareness o
ISSN: 2329-9126

Journal of General Practice
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Research Article

Influence of Migration Status and Gender on Awareness of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Cardiovascular Health in a Group of Turkish Immigrants and Indigenous Austrians

Teresa Wipperich1*, Michael Sponder1, Lena Stütz1, Dondue Demir1, Alexandra Kaider2 and Jeanette Strametz-Juranek1
1Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
2Center for Medical Statistics, Informatics and Intelligent Systems, Section for Clinical Biometrics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Corresponding Author : Teresa Wipperich
Department for Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna
Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna, 1090, Austria
Tel: 00436508124909
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 03, 2014; Accepted July 17, 2014; Published July 24, 2014
Citation: Haidinger T, Sponder M, Stütz L, Demir D, Kaider A, et al. (2014) Influence of Migration Status and Gender on Awareness of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Cardiovascular Health in a Group of Turkish Immigrants and Indigenous Austrians. J Gen Practice 2:169. doi:10.4172/2329-9126.1000169
Copyright: © 2014 Haidinger W, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the awareness of cardiovascular risk factors, preventive action taken and barriers to cardiovascular health between the Turkish minority living in Austria and the indigenous people. Methods: A total of 1800 anonymous questionnaires were handed out to 573 women and 336 men with no immigration background and compared with 257 female and 250 male Turkish migrants in Turkish language living in Austria. Results: Cardiovascular disease was more likely to be identified as the leading cause of death by indigenous Austrians (75%) than by the Turkish participants. Diabetes mellitus II (DM II) was only identified by around 27% of the Austrians and 22% of the Turkish women and 28% of the Turkish men. Albeit Austrians can identify more risk factors and have a lower actual CVD risk, their main barrier to CVD health being the inability to assess their personal risk correctly, while Turkish immigrants show a lack of knowledge of how to access preventive screening. Conclusion: The main barrier for preventive action for the Turkish minority is a low educational and acculturation level, while Austrian women in particular have difficulties in assessing their personal risk correctly.

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