Innovative Participatory Health Education (IPHE): ItÃ¢ÂÂs Effect on MothersÃ¢ÂÂ Knowledge, Behavior; and Under Five Year-Old Children Household Accidents RateWaled Amen Mohammed Ahmed1 , Awatif Ahmed Osman2, Sawsan Mustafa Abdalla3, Elsadig Yousif Mohamed3*, Waqas Sami3, Khaled Eltohami Medani3 and Khalifa Elmusharaf4
- Corresponding Author:
- Elsadig Yousif Mohamed
Associate professor of Community Medicine
Department of Community Medicine and Public health
College of Medicine, Majmaah University
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 04, 2014; Accepted date: April 24, 2014; Published date: April 26, 2014
Citation: Mohammed Ahmed WA, Osman AA, Abdalla SM, Mohamed EY, Sami W et al. (2014) Innovative Participatory Health Education (IPHE): It’s Effect on Mothers’ Knowledge, Behavior; and Under Five Year-Old Children Household Accidents Rate. Primary Health Care 4:156. doi:10.4172/2167-1079.10001156
Copyright: © 2014 Mohammed Ahmed WA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Accidents are emerging as a leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. The current study was aimed to determine the effect of Innovative Participatory Health Education (IPHE) on mother' knowledge and behavior, and secondly to determine its effect on household accidents rate. Methodology: The study design was a randomized control trial. Mothers who had less than five year-old children were selected randomly for this study. From each administrative unit 30 households were selected as clusters in the intervention and control groups. Sample size was calculated as 300 mothers all were enrolled in the study. Training of 15 participants by IPHE was done for the selected mothers in the intervention group. Then post-test was conducted to assess score of mothers’ knowledge and behavior about home accidents. Results: Mothers household accidents mean score knowledge increased from 8.40 to 16.34 after the intervention in the intervention group. In the control group, it increased from 9.7 to 12.4. The mean score knowledge on immediate intervention increased from 10.40 to 14.42 in the intervention group and increased from 9.7 to 12.4 in the control group. The mean score behavior of mothers about prevention of household accidents increased from 35.4 to 43.0 after the intervention among the intervention group. However, it remained the same as 36.0 in the control group. The mean score behavior of mothers about immediate intervention was increased from 19.32 to 22.96 in the intervention group. The reduction in home accidents rate in the intervention group was from 81.3: 1000 children to 24.9:1000 children. However, the rate was increased from 81.9:1000 children to 95.9:1000 children in the control group. Conclusion: IPHE has significant effect on reduction of household accidents among under five year-old children. Mothers' knowledge and behavior about under-five year old children home accidents improved after intervention with IPHE.