alexa Intentional and unintentional drug poisonings in Mubarak Al-Kabeer hospital, Kuwait
ISSN: 2376-0419

Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems
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Research Article

Intentional and unintentional drug poisonings in Mubarak Al-Kabeer hospital, Kuwait

AbeerAl-Mutawa, Eman Abahussain*, Mohsen Hedaya and Samuel Koshy
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University, P.O Box 24923 Safat 13110 Kuwait
Corresponding Author : Dr. Eman Abahussain
PhD, Department of Pharmacy Practice
Faculty of Pharmacy, Kuwait University
P.O Box 24923 Safat 13110 Kuwait
Tel: 0096566691119
Fax: 0096525340078
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 29, 2015; Accepted May 06, 2015; Published May 14, 2015
Citation: AbeerAl-Mutawa, Eman Abahussain*, Mohsen Hedaya and Samuel Koshy (2015) Intentional and Unintentional Drug Poisonings in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait. J Pharma Care Health Sys 2:139. doi:10.4172/2376-0419.1000139
Copyright: © 2015 Abahussain E et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Objective : The goal of this study was to identify the proportion of patients with intentional and unintentional drug poisonings and determine demographic and other factors having significant association with type of poisoning. Material and Methods : The study was conducted at the Emergency Department of Mubarak Al Kabeer hospital, Kuwait from June 2010 to December 2012. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured questionnaire with a consent form and patients were followed until discharge from the hospital. The underlying cause of the admission was identified to be drug poisoning based on patient interviews and evaluation. Results : A total of 116 patients were admitted due to drug poisoning. The majority of 63(54.3%) patients belonged to the age group of 12-29 years. Sixty seven (57.8%) patients had intentional poisoning. The causes for unintentional poisoning were, wrong dose 22(44.9%), duplicate therapy14 (28.6%) and drug-drug interactions 13(26.5%). There is significant difference between the groups having intentional and unintentional drug poisoning (p<0.001) with regard to age, marital status, level of education and occupation. Paracetamol was the most common drug involved in poisoning. Conclusion : Poisoning exists in Kuwait and its incidence will continue to increase with increased drug use and absence of public awareness and education. The risk factors identified in this study could stimulate further research and assist in targeted delivery of preventive strategies to protect public health.Objective : The goal of this study was to identify the proportion of patients with intentional and unintentional drug poisonings and determine demographic and other factors having significant association with type of poisoning. Material and Methods : The study was conducted at the Emergency Department of Mubarak Al Kabeer hospital, Kuwait from June 2010 to December 2012. Data were collected using a pre-tested structured questionnaire with a consent form and patients were followed until discharge from the hospital. The underlying cause of the admission was identified to be drug poisoning based on patient interviews and evaluation. Results : A total of 116 patients were admitted due to drug poisoning. The majority of 63(54.3%) patients belonged to the age group of 12-29 years. Sixty seven (57.8%) patients had intentional poisoning. The causes for unintentional poisoning were, wrong dose 22(44.9%), duplicate therapy14 (28.6%) and drug-drug interactions 13(26.5%). There is significant difference between the groups having intentional and unintentional drug poisoning (p<0.001) with regard to age, marital status, level of education and occupation. Paracetamol was the most common drug involved in poisoning. Conclusion : Poisoning exists in Kuwait and its incidence will continue to increase with increased drug use and absence of public awareness and education. The risk factors identified in this study could stimulate further research and assist in targeted delivery of preventive strategies to protect public health.

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