Interpreting Seismic Profiles in terms of Structure and Stratigraphy with Implications for Hydrocarbons Accumulation, an Example from Lower Indus Basin Pakistan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Majid K
Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
100029, Beijing, China
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 15, 2016; Accepted date: August 17, 2016; Published date: August 22, 2016
Citation: Majid K, Shahid N, Munawar S, Muhammad H (2016) Interpreting Seismic Profiles in terms of Structure and Stratigraphy with Implications for Hydrocarbons Accumulation, an Example from Lower Indus Basin Pakistan. J Geol Geophys 5:257. doi: 10.4172/2381-8719.1000257
Copyright: © 2016 Majid K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Structural delineation and Stratigraphic evaluation of proven geological basins are of prime importance for hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation. The current study aims to map the subsurface geology in a part of Lower Indus basin of Pakistan in terms of structure and stratigraphy using seismic data with some borehole information. In this paper, conventional integrated geophysical technique has been used to analyze the seismic data to characterize reservoir formations. To serve this purpose, 2D seismic data in SEG-Y format was used along with velocity and well logs information. Seismic profiles are interpreted and then transformed into 2D and 3D (Time and Depth domain) contour maps, which is the representation of true subsurface geology. Three promising closures at shallow time have been identified on structural contour maps which are indicative of possible prospects. A closure, covering approximately 1 Sq Km area over Eocene aged Sui Main Limestone and further two over Cretaceous aged Lower Goru formation covering areas of 500 and 400 Sq km along shot point 260 and 380-390, respectively. Conjugate normal fault system among the stratigraphic layers existing in the study area can smoothly provide the hydrocarbon trapping mechanism. In order to further confirm the probable future prospects and support the study, modeling of P and S wave Impedance have also been done. The advance integrated study of AVO modeling and numerical rock physics analysis may be helpful in providing further insights into current research.