alexa Inter-Relationship of Soil-Forage-Plasma, and Milk Chromium: A Case Study in an Arid Region of Pakistan
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
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Research Article

Inter-Relationship of Soil-Forage-Plasma, and Milk Chromium: A Case Study in an Arid Region of Pakistan

Muhammad Danish1*, Nazir Ahmad2, Ihsan Sharif3, Mirza Naveed Shahzad4, Syed Sibtain Raza Rizvi5 and Muhammad Faizan Nazar1
1Department of Chemistry, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan
2Lab of Organometallics, Catalysis & Ordered Materials, Wuhan University of Technology, China
3Department of Chemistry, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan
4Department of Statistics, University of Gujrat, Gujrat, Pakistan
5Livestock Experiment Station, Kalurkot, Bhakkar, Pakistan
Corresponding Author : Dr. Muhammad Danish
Office # 103, Chairman, Department of Chemistry
Institute of Chemical and Biological Sciences
University of Gujrat, Gujrat-50700, Pakistan
Tel: +923004513193
Fax: +533643167
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 03, 2014; Accepted February 18, 2014; Published February 20, 2014
Citation: Danish M, Ahmad N, Sharif I, Shahzad MN, Rizvi SSR, et al. (2014) Inter-Relationship of Soil-Forage-Plasma, and Milk Chromium: A Case Study in an Arid Region of Pakistan. J Environ Anal Toxicol 4:213. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000213
Copyright: © 2014 Danish M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The current study was carried out to estimate the concentration of chromium (Cr) in soil, forage, blood plasma and milk samples of Sahiwal cows collected from Kalurkoat livestock station, situated at South Western Punjab, Pakistan. The sampling was done four times at interval of two months. The concentration of Cr was found in the ranged 6.7-10 mg/kg, 2.9-4.0 mg/kg, 3.5-4.3 mg/L, and 0.4-0.6 mg/L in soil, forage, blood plasma and cows’ milk respectively. The results were compared with standards values for soil, forage, blood plasma and milk. In soil, forage and plasma samples Cr was found higher than the standard concentration necessary for proper growth of plants and animals, whereas the level of Cr in milk was within standard limits. The statistical analyses indicate that the transfer of Cr to milk is independent of its concentration in soil-forage-blood continuum. The high concentration of Cr detected in forage and blood plasma implies the need for sound management of plants which absorb less quantity of chromium.

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