alexa Intraocular Pressure Measurement after Photorefractive
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

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Research Article

Intraocular Pressure Measurement after Photorefractive Keratectomy : Does Contact Area Matter?

Vetrugno Michele1*, Maino Anna2, Ferreri Paolo1, Cardia Giuseppina1, Trerotoli Paolo3, Serio Gabriella3 and Sborgia Carlo1
1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bari, Italy
2Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, Manchester, UK
3Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, University of Bari, Italy
Corresponding Author : Michele Vetrugno
Diaprtimento di Oftalmologia, Universita’ di Bari
Policlinico, piazza G Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy
Tel: +39805592525
Fax: +39805478918
E-mail: [email protected]
Accepted September 28, 2010; Published September 29, 2010
Citation: Michele V, Anna M, Paolo F, Giuseppina C, Paolo T, et al. (2010) Intraocular Pressure Measurement after Photorefractive Keratectomy : Does Contact Area Matter? J Clinic Experiment Ophthalmol 1:102. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000102
Copyright: © 2010 Michele V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Background: Refractive laser surgery induces substantial changes in corneal structure, causing inaccurate intraocular pressure (IOP) readings. Pascal dynamic contour tonometry (PDCT) and Icare rebound tonometer (RBT) are two novel devices that do not depend on applanation to measure IOP. Purpose of this prospective study was to compare PDCT and rebound tonometry versus Goldmann tonometry (GAT) in a group of patients who underwent photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Methods: Central corneal thickness and IOP were measured in 54 eyes before and after PRK. All IOP measurements were taken by the same examiner, using PDCT, RBT and GAT in a randomised, masked fashion. Results: After excimer laser surgery, PDCT measurements were higher than GAT (p<0.0001) and RBT (p=0.0012). Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that size of contact area was significant (b=-0.504; p<0.0001) while corneal thickness was not (b=0.003; p=0.169). Bland-Altman test showed that there was good agreement between RBT and PDCT (p=0.454), whereas GAT gave lower IOP values than both RBT (p=0.0103) and PDCT (p=0.0031). Conclusion: PDCT and RBT are less dependent on iatrogenic corneal changes than GAT and this might be related to their small contact area. In order to minimise IOP underestimation after excimer laser surgery, the clinician should consider adopting non-applanation tonometers like RBT and PDCT as an alternative to GAT.

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