alexa Introducing Efficient Low Cost Smoked Pots for Water Purification for Developing Countries
ISSN: 2157-7587

Hydrology: Current Research
Open Access

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Research Article

Introducing Efficient Low Cost Smoked Pots for Water Purification for Developing Countries

Dong Hun Chung1, Josphert N Kimatu2*, Kelvin O Nyariki2, Kim Jong Su2, Karren N Onura3 and Johnson U Kitheka4
1Ceramics Arts Department, Won Kwang University in South Korea
2South Eastern Kenya University, Department of Biological Sciences, Kitui, Kenya
3South Eastern Kenya University, Department of Fisheries Management and Aquaculture Technology, Kitui, Kenya
4South Eastern Kenya University, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources Management, Kitui, Kenya
Corresponding Author : Josphert N Kimatu
South Eastern Kenya University
Department of Biological Sciences
Kitui, Kenya
Tel: +254734907740
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 12, 2013; Accepted July 16, 2013; Published July 22, 2013
Citation: Chung DH, Kimatu JN, Nyariki KO, Su KJ, Onura KN, et al. (2013) Introducing Efficient Low Cost Smoked Pots for Water Purification for Developing Countries. Hydrol Current Res 4:152. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000152
Copyright: © 2013 Chung DH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Ceramic materials are easy to make using most African soils. They have been used for a long time mainly for
cooking and water storage. However, in other low income economies these clay ceramic filters have been shown to
have the potential of being improved by being embedded with carbonaceous materials for water purification. In this
research we have produced efficient physiological and biological gravity operated smoked pots for water purification.
We used well calculated volume ratios of black clay, red and sand soils (B:R:S) and soil balls; All these were baked at
different smoke infusing kiln temperatures for efficient water purification. We analyzed water purification efficiencies
of the pot ceramics and the trickling rates at different conditions. We isolated the best B:R:S to be the 40:40:20. We
found significant reductions in turbidity (99.95%), salinity (21.42%), microbial populations, total dissolved solutes
(TDS) (17.19%), pH (1.39%) and electrical conductivity (EC) (16.92%). These ceramics can be crucial for common
or nomadic communities in sub-Saharan rural areas and in times of disaster to guarantee a cheap continued supply
of clean potable water for better health amongst the low income earning societies.

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