alexa Introducing Efficient Low Cost Smoked Pots for Water Purification for Developing Countries | OMICS International| Abstract

ISSN: 2157-7587

Hydrology: Current Research

  • Research Article   
  • Hydrol Current Res 2013, Vol 4(2): 152
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000152

Introducing Efficient Low Cost Smoked Pots for Water Purification for Developing Countries

Dong Hun Chung1, Josphert N Kimatu2*, Kelvin O Nyariki2, Kim Jong Su2, Karren N Onura3 and Johnson U Kitheka4
1Ceramics Arts Department, Won Kwang University in South Korea, South Korea
2South Eastern Kenya University, Department of Biological Sciences, Kitui, Kenya
3South Eastern Kenya University, Department of Fisheries Management and Aquaculture Technology, Kitui, Kenya
4South Eastern Kenya University, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources Management, Kitui, Kenya
*Corresponding Author : Josphert N Kimatu, South Eastern Kenya University, Department Of Biological Sciences, Kitui, Kenya, Tel: +254734907740, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jun 12, 2013 / Accepted Date: Jul 16, 2013 / Published Date: Jul 22, 2013

Abstract

Ceramic materials are easy to make using most African soils. They have been used for a long time mainly for cooking and water storage. However, in other low income economies these clay ceramic filters have been shown to have the potential of being improved by being embedded with carbonaceous materials for water purification. In this research we have produced efficient physiological and biological gravity operated smoked pots for water purification. We used well calculated volume ratios of black clay, red and sand soils (B:R:S) and soil balls; All these were baked at different smoke infusing kiln temperatures for efficient water purification. We analyzed water purification efficiencies of the pot ceramics and the trickling rates at different conditions. We isolated the best B:R:S to be the 40:40:20. We found significant reductions in turbidity (99.95%), salinity (21.42%), microbial populations, total dissolved solutes (TDS) (17.19%), pH (1.39%) and electrical conductivity (EC) (16.92%). These ceramics can be crucial for common or nomadic communities in sub-Saharan rural areas and in times of disaster to guarantee a cheap continued supply of clean potable water for better health amongst the low income earning societies.

Keywords: Water pots; Filtrate; Ceramics; Clay; Purification

Citation: Chung DH, Kimatu JN, Nyariki KO, Su KJ, Onura KN, et al. (2013) Introducing Efficient Low Cost Smoked Pots for Water Purification for Developing Countries. Hydrol Current Res 4:152. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000152

Copyright: © 2013 Chung DH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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