alexa Introduction to Larval Transfer | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2168-9296

Cell & Developmental Biology
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Review Article

Introduction to Larval Transfer

Donald I Williamson*
School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool, UK
*Corresponding Author : Donald I Williamson
School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool
UK.  Mail: 14 Pairk Beg, Port Erin, Isle of Man IM9 6NH
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 10, 2012; Accepted August 27, 2012; Published August 29, 2012
Citation: Williamson DI (2012) Introduction to Larval Transfer. Cell Dev Biol 1:108. doi:10.4172/2168-9296.1000108
Copyright: © 2012 Williamson DI. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The larval transfer theory challenges the assumption that larvae and adults gradually evolved from common ancestors. It claims that larvae were later additions to life histories. Instead of evolving from within the same lineages as their associated adults, larvae are adult forms from foreign taxa that were transferred by hybridization. Larval transfer offers explanations for many anomalies in animal development, as shown here by examples from insects and echinoderms. Hybridogenesis (evolution by hybridization) and symbiogenesis (evolution by symbiosis) are examples of evolution by merger of lineages. They are quite distinct from Darwinian ‘descent with modification’, which is evolution within separate lineages.

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