alexa Inverse Oriented Stem Cuttings Generate Tuberous Stems in Cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz; An Alternative Sink Site
ISSN: 2329-9029

Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology
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Research Article

Inverse Oriented Stem Cuttings Generate Tuberous Stems in Cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz; An Alternative Sink Site

Judy Rouse-Miller1* Valerie Bowrin1 Grace Sirju-Charran1 Fedora Sutton2
1Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies (UWI), St. Augustine, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
2Department of Plant Science, South Dakota State University (SDSU), USA
Corresponding Author : Judy Rouse-Miller
Department of Life Sciences
University of the West Indies (UWI)
St. Augustine, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 24, 2013; Accepted November 06, 2013; Published November 14, 2013
Citation: Rouse-Miller J, Bowrin V, Sirju-Charran G, Sutton F (2013) Inverse Oriented Stem Cuttings Generate Tuberous Stems in Cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz; An Alternative Sink Site. J Plant Biochem Physiol 1:117. doi:10.4172/2329-9029.1000117
Copyright: © 2013 Rouse-Miller J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is normally propagated by stem cuttings planted in a slanted, vertical or horizontal orientation. Axillary buds produce aerial shoot and adventitious roots are produced at the base (proximal end) of the cutting, some of which develop into tuberous roots. However, when cuttings are planted in an inverse, slanted or inverse straight orientation, the buried bases of the shoots which arise from underground buds swell. In this study, we determined that the stem swelling accumulates and store starch as do the tuberous root tubers. This phenomenon designated as inversion-induced stem tuberization, first detailed here, provides a system which could be used to study the roles of phytohormones and light.

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