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Investigation of Newcastle Disease Virus Using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction in Selected Districts of Eastern Shewa, Ethiopia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
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Research Article

Investigation of Newcastle Disease Virus Using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction in Selected Districts of Eastern Shewa, Ethiopia

Yemsrach Miressa1, Yoseph Cherinet2*, Abrha Bsrat3 and Fanos Tadesse2

1Akaki Woreda Livestock and Fisheries Development, Ethiopia

2College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

3College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekele University, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Yoseph Cherinet
College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Tel: +251911804383
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 24, 2016; Accepted date: September 19, 2016; Published date: September 19, 2016

Citation: Miressa Y, Cherinet Y, Bsrat A, Tadesse F (2016) Investigation of Newcastle Disease Virus Using Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction in Selected Districts of Eastern Shewa, Ethiopia. J Vet Sci Technol 7:384. doi: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000384

Copyright: © 2016 Miressa Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In Ethiopia Newcastle disease virus is the most important cause of loss in village-dwelling as well as commercially raised chickens. The disease occurs almost at any time of a year throughout the country including East Shewa Zone. A cross sectional study was therefore conducted from December 2014 to May 2015 to determine the prevalence of Newcastle disease in market and village chicken in selected districts of East Shewa zone of Ethiopia. Molecular diagnostic technique, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) was employed to detect the viruses during the study. A total of 300 swab samples was collected using simple random sampling technique in Adama and Bishoftu Districts. An overall prevalence of 26.7% (40/300) was recorded during this study from the collected swab samples using real time PCR. The result of this study indicated that village chicken flock are endemically infected with Newcastle disease virus which could pose a threat to commercial poultry farms. Attention should therefore be given for regular monitoring of Newcastle disease virus in village chickens and wild birds and measures to prevent this infection should be taken.

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